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September 28, 2023

Even KPMG in South Africa Could Not Escape the Clutches of PCAOB Enforcement

Earlier today the PCAOB gave KPMG of the South African variety a slap on the wrist and punished a couple of partners for the firm collaborating with an outside accounting firm not registered with the PCAOB on three years worth of audits of a public company. That non-registered accounting firm was KPMG Zimbabwe. And these two KPMG affiliates have a history of getting into trouble together.

Today’s news falls under goal No. 3 in the PCAOB’s proposed five-year strategic plan. The audit cops said:

The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) today announced that it has imposed $275,000 in total monetary penalties and other sanctions against: (1) KPMG Inc. (“KPMG-South Africa”), (2) engagement partner Cornelis Van Niekerk, and (3) engagement quality review partner Coenraad Basson. The sanctions are based on supervisory failures and violations of PCAOB rules and standards in connection with the use and reported participation of an unregistered accounting firm in performing the 2015, 2016, and 2017 audits of a public company.

The PCAOB found that, in conducting three audits of the public company, KPMG-South Africa used an unregistered firm, KPMG Chartered Accountant Zimbabwe (“KPMG-Zimbabwe”), in a substantial role requiring KPMG-Zimbabwe to have registered with the PCAOB. As a result, KPMG-South Africa and Van Niekerk failed reasonably to supervise KPMG-Zimbabwe so that its participation in the audits complied with PCAOB registration requirements.

Moreover, during the 2017 audit, KPMG-South Africa, Van Niekerk, and Basson used a series of unreasonable adjustments to reduce KPMG Zimbabwe’s recorded hours by 77%. KPMG-South Africa relied on the downward-adjusted hours to conclude that KPMG-Zimbabwe had not exceeded the PCAOB substantial role registration threshold and to inaccurately report in a Form AP filing with the PCAOB that KPMG-Zimbabwe had incurred only 17% of the total audit hours. As a result, KPMG-South Africa failed to accurately report KPMG-Zimbabwe’s participation in the 2017 audit, and Basson failed to exercise due professional care in performing his engagement quality review with respect to that participation.

These violations occurred after the Firm and Van Niekerk were aware that the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission had opened an investigation concerning KPMG-South Africa’s use of KPMG-Zimbabwe during the 2013 and 2014 audits of the same public company. Some of the violations occurred after the SEC issued an enforcement order covering the conduct that occurred in 2013 and 2014.

“Given the global nature of many companies’ operations, multiple accounting firms are often involved in the audits of public companies,” said PCAOB Chair Erica Y. Williams. “To protect investors, we will hold accountable firms or individuals who fail to appropriately supervise and disclose the participation of other accounting firms in their audits.”

“KPMG-South Africa’s failure reasonably to supervise the participation of an unregistered firm after a prior enforcement action is particularly serious,” added Patrick Bryan, Director of the PCAOB’s Division of Enforcement and Investigations.

The PCAOB imposed a $200,000 civil money penalty on KPMG-South Africa and ordered the firm to review and, if appropriate, improve its quality control policies and procedures. The PCAOB also imposed a $50,000 civil money penalty on Van Niekerk and barred him from associating with a registered public accounting firm, with a right to petition to terminate the bar after two years. Van Niekerk’s penalty would have been $100,000, but the PCAOB imposed the lesser penalty based on consideration of his financial resources. Finally, the PCAOB imposed a $25,000 penalty on Basson and suspended him from associating with a registered public accounting firm for one year.

In March 2018 the SEC fined KPMG South Africa $100,000 and KPMG Zimbabwe agreed to pay disgorgement and interest totaling $141,305 because of unregistered KPMG Zimbabwe auditing the majority of assets and revenues of a public company for years 2013 and 2014 while KPMG South Africa was quote-unquote “supervising.” You can read more about that here.

Related article:

The PCAOB Has a New Five-Year Strategic Plan For You Guys to Critique

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